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Instituto Camoes
Political System Home >About Portugal >Political System

Country name

  • conventional long form - Portuguese Republic
  • conventional short form - Portugal
  • local long form - República Portuguesa
  • local short form - Portugal

Government type

  • republic; parliamentary democracy

Administrative divisions

  • 18 districts and 2 autonomous regions (Azores and Madeira)

Independence

  • 1143 (Kingdom of Portugal recognized); 5 October 1910 (republic proclaimed)

National day

  • Portugal Day (Dia de Portugal), 10 June (1580); note - also called Camões Day, the day that revered national poet Luis de Camões (1524-80) died

Constitution

  • adopted 2 April 1976; subsequently revised

Legal system

  • based on civil law system; the Constitutional Tribunal reviews the constitutionality of legislation; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations

Suffrage

  • 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

  • Chief of State: President Aníbal CAVACO SILVA
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho
  • Cabinet: appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
  • Elections: President elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term)

Legislative branch

  • unicameral Assembly of the Republic or Assembleia da Republica (230 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

Judicial branch

  • Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal de Justica) is the highest instance in the hierarchy of the judicial system, notwithstanding the jurisdiction of the Constitutional Court in matters of its competence

Main political parties

  • Democratic and Social Center/Popular Party or CDS/PP; Green Ecologist Party (The Greens) or PEV; Portuguese Communist Party or PCP; Portuguese Socialist Party or PS; Social Democratic Party or PSD; The Left Bloc or BE.